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Mola mola


Mola mola 
Giant Sunfish, Headfish, Mola Ocean Sunfish, Moonfish, Ocean Sunfish, Sunfish, Sun-fish 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Tetraodontiformes (Order) > Molidae (Family) > Mola (Genus) > mola (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, 1758) 
Uruguay, Circumglobal, Cambodia, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, the Chagos Archipelago (the Chagos Islands), Nicaragua, West-Atlantic Ocean, Kenya, Singapore, French Polynesia, Cook Islands, North Atlantic Ocean, Wake Atoll, Congo, Gulf of Mexico, East-Atlantic Ocean, Madagascar, South Atlantic, Guatemala, Palau, Marschall Islands, Taiwan, Howland Island, Peru, Belize, Mozambique, Tonga, Iran, Red Sea, Tuvalu, Johnston Atoll, Samoa, the Ivory Coast, the British Isles, New Caledonia, the Canary Islands, the Seychelles, Fiji, the Nicobar Islands, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate, Columbia, Spratly Islands, Ghana, Northern Mariana Islands, Réunion , Straße von Gibralta, Guadeloupe, Oceanodromous, Ascencion, St. Helena & Tristan da Cunha, (the) Maldives, Sudan, Hawaii, Paracel-Islands, Micronesia, Togo, Indonesia, Pitcairn Islands, Tunesien, Saint Martin / Sint Maarten, Nauru, Vanuatu, Central Pazific, Cameroon, the Black Sea, European Coasts, the Cayman Islands, the Netherlands Antilles, West Sahara, Kiribati, Scandinavia, Galapagos Islands, Costa Rica, Northeast Pacific Ocean, Wallis and Futuna, Corea, Gulf of Oman / Oman, Eastern Pacific Ocean, Equatorial Guinea, Madeira, Southeast Atlantic, Panama, The Bahamas, Mauritius, Tansania, India, Philippines, Myanmar, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Israel, Russland, Benin, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Jordan, São Tomé e Principé, Ecuador, New Zealand, Western Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Sierra Leone, French Guiana, Clipperton Island, Niue, Vietnam, Comores, Sri Lanka, The Gulf of Guinea, Dominican Republic, Norfolk Island, Line Islands, South-Africa, Guam, Pakistan, Australia, Morocco, Suriname, the Persian Gulf , Barbados, the Mediterranean Sea, Tokelau, Indo Pacific, Puerto Rico, Yemen, Solomon Islands, El Salvador, Newfoundland, Venezuela, Central Atlantic, Senegal, the Faroe Islands, Nigeria, the Cocos Islands / Keeling Islands, Somalia, Gambia, Djibouti, North Pacific (Ocean), Christmas Islands, Cuba, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Malaysia, South-Pazific, Haiti, Papua New Guinea, Bakers Island, Mayotte, Thailand, Phoenix Islands, Namibia, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Bermuda, Alaska , Algerije, Amerikaans-Samoa, Amerikaanse Maagdeneilanden, Andamanensee, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua en Barbuda, Argentinië, Azoren, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazilië, Britse Maagdeneilanden, Canada, Chili, China, Dominica, Egypte, Grenada, Guyana, Honduras, Indische Oceaan, Japan, St. Kitts en Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent en de Grenadines, Turks and Caicos Islands, Westelijke Indische Oceaan 
Sea depth:
30 - 480 Meter 
bis zu 400cm 
5°C - 28°C 
Krabben, Kreeftachtigen, Kwallen, Vissen (kleine vissen), Zee-egels, Zeesterren, Zooplankton 
Niet geschikt voor huiskameraquaria! 
Not available as offspring 
Has a poison harmful to health 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Vulnerable (VU) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
More related species
in this lexicon
Last edit:
2019-03-02 22:39:57 


This is a general hint!
Mola mola has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Mola mola in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Mola mola. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
Overview Worldwide:

Translated with


Mola mola, also called the moon- or sunfish, a representative of the open ocean and found in all oceans around the globe. From the edge of the Arctic Circle to South Africa, from the south coast of Australia and New Zealand to Alaska in the north, there are sightings. The only exceptions are the waters around South America, so far there are no sightings.

The name Mola mola means "milestone" and he is in the world of fishes a real milestone. With up to 4 meters in length certainly not be overlooked and yet is rarely found in the open ocean. Absolutely peaceful and yet impressive, once you get him to see, this is certainly a memorable moment.

Certainly not an aquarium fish, with his size certainly no wonder. Also in very large display aquariums it should be, if at all, rarely or not at all found.

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Molidae
Genus: Mola
Species: M. Mola




Husbandry know-how of owners

derhirrsch am 31.01.11#2
Im Aquarium in Palma habe ich diesen tollen Fisch auch schon gesehen.
Markus Köchle am 11.07.10#1
Hallo Heinz,

so selten kommt der in großen Schauaquarien gar nicht vor, ich weiß z.B. von Exemplaren in Lissabon und Valencia


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